The 5 Different Skin Types – How to Care for Each One?

The 5 Different skin types

It is necessary to know your skin type to make the right decision about skincare and treatment that is suitable for meeting the specific needs of your skin. The early quality or type of your skin is determined genetically.

But the health and beauty of your skin in later years depend largely on what you eat and how you take care of it. To always look gorgeous, the first step is to know your skin type so you can improve your appearance and reduce signs of aging with the best recommended methods.

The 5 different skin types are classified by several criteria. Each type of skin will have its own characteristics and need different care. As I said before, the type of skin is designated by genetics, although it will also be affected by other factors and can change with time. However, skin type is determined by how much oil, or sebum, a person’s skin produces. Sebum is a substance that the skin creates to seal in humidity.

What are The 5 Different Skin Types?

The 5 different skin types

The American Academy of Dermatology recognizes five main skin types:

  • dry
  • oily
  • combination
  • sensitive
  • normal

Now, we describe the main characteristics of the 5 different skin types.

Dry Skin

Approximately 10% of the upper layer of our skin consists of water. When the water ratio falls below normal values, dryness begins to occur on the skin. In many cases, dry skin, one of the 5 different skin types, is caused by external factors such as the weather, low air dampness, and hot water immersion, and it is usually temporary. One of the things that cause skin dryness is reduced sebum production in the skin. The fact that this situation is continuous regardless of external factors means that we have a dry skin type. So what are the visible signs of dry skin type?

  • A dull gray-white color in the skin
  • Tightness and itching sensation in the skin
  • Exfoliation
  • Roughness on the skin surface
  • Cracking and burning sensation
  • Redness

Dry skin signs and symptoms may vary depending on different factors such as age, state of health, or their cause. Cracked skin is usually observed in very dry skin and produces small cracks, which, in more serious situations, may be deeper and even bleed. When these symptoms progress and are not cured, they are important symptoms that will progress till a skin condition called eczema. To struggle and control skin dryness, we need to be aware of the factors that cause or increase skin dryness. So what are these factors?  Let’s take a look at some of the most common ones:

  • Being in contact with hot or cold water for a long time. (Yes, interesting, but prolonged being in contact with water can cause “dryness”)
  • Detergents
  • Friction and irritation due to clothing
  • Being exposed to the wind for a long time
  • Being in environments with reduced humidity due to air conditioning

Oily Skin

Oily skin has a porous, damp, and bright appearance. It is caused by excessive oil production by sebaceous glands and is usually determined by genetic or hormonal causes. It is frequent in teenagers and young people under 30 years old and usually related to the occurrence of acne.

Oily’ is used to describe a skin type with increased sebum production. This excessive production is known as seborrhea.

If a person has oily skin, their skin produces more sebum than it needs. Thus, they may notice their skin:

  • feels fat
  • looks bright, especially around the nose and forehead
  • has large pores that fill easily
  • is inclined to acnes or black spots

Combination Skin

Skin types differ between the T-zone and the cheeks on combination skin.

One of the 5 different skin types is combination skin too. Based on its location, it presents characteristics of both dry and oily skin since the distribution of sebaceous and sweat glands is nonhomogeneous. The area with more fat is generally the T- zone (forehead, nose, and chin), while the skin on the cheeks is normal or dry.


Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin is more partial to react to stimuli to which normal skin does not react. It is sensitive skin, usually accompanied by feelings of discomfort, such as hotness, tightness, redness, or itching.

Sensitive skin can become irritated or inflamed easily. If a person has sensitive skin, then we can notice in their skin the following cases:

  • skin that burns, stings, or itches when applying outputs
  • apparent reactions to substances, with bumps, hives, or peeling

Sensitive skin is not designated by how much sebum a person’s skin produces. People with dry or oily skin can also have sensitive skin, though it is frequently associated with dryness.

In some cases, sensitivity is related to skin conditions, such as eczema or rosacea.


Normal Skin

This skin is neither too dry nor too oily. It has regular texture, no defects, and a clean, soft appearance, and does not need special care. This skin type produces enough sebum to keep the skin evenly hydrated without becoming oily. People with normal skin from the 5 different skin types have smooth complexions with few blemishes.

Yes, it is great that you have a normal skin type. But, this does not mean that it will always continue like this. How Does?

  • Wrong choice of makeup and care products
  • Time
  • Stress
  • Climate changes
  • Hormonal changes
  • Sunlight

These factors cause your skin type to transform into a completely different form over time. And if you do not pay much attention to your daily care routines because you have normal skin, the acceleration of wear and changes can become inevitable!

Which of The 5 Different Skin Types do You Have?

You can find out very simply which of the 5 different skin types you have. Take a sheet of blotting paper and tenderly pat it on your face. Hold it against a shiny light. If you see little to no oil, you very likely have dry skin. If the sheet picks up some oil from the T-zone, you probably have combination or normal skin. If it picks up oil from all parts of your face, you most probably have oily skin.

How To Take Care of Each of The 5 Different Skin Types

The 5 different skin types

If You Have Normal Skin, These Steps Will Help Maintain it:

1.    Stay Hydrated

If you don’t drink enough water during the day, your skin may dry up and start getting flaky. It can also cause excess sebum production.

2. Wear Sunscreen

Sunscreen is necessary for overall skin health maintenance. Direct sun exposure can dry up your skin, cause wrinkles and dark blemishes. An oil-free sunscreen is advised to avoid clogging skin pores.

3. Moisturize

Moisturizers are necessary for any skin type. They keep the skin moist and avoid it from overproducing sebum.

4. Remove Your Makeup Before Sleeping

Makeup can clog pores and cause breakouts. You want to prevent that by taking it off after a long day.

5. Wash/Cleanse Your Face Before Sleeping

Tips for Oily Skin:

1. Moisturize Regularly

Moisturizing routinely will keep your skin hydrated and prevent it from overproducing sebum.

2. Stay Hydrated

Drink enough water to keep your skin humid. This will avoid your skin from producing excess oil.

3. Wash Your Face Twice a Day

Wash your face two times a day to remove dirt and bacteria which may clog your pores. Don’t over wash. Over-washing can remove necessary oils from your skin. This can result in sensitive skin and make it more oil-inclined.

Tips for Dry Skin

 1. Moisturize your skin regularly to keep it soft and hydrated

 2. Don’t spend too much time in the shower

3. Pat your skin gently while drying yourself up

4. Drink lots of water

5. Use a humidifier to retain your skin’s natural moisture

6. Use sunscreen to prevent your skin from getting dehydrated

Tips for Combination Skin

1. Use Cleansers

If you have combination skin, the pores in your T-zone are larger than the rest of your face. Harsh outputs may clog your pores. Using a gentle cleanser is advised.

2. Exfoliate Gently and Once in A While

Exfoliating every day isn’t suggested for each of the 5 different skin types. It can remove necessary oils from your skin. When you exfoliate, don’t scrub your T-zone very much. Scrubbing too hard can damage your skin.

3. Wear Sunscreen

Sunscreen is an essential skin care product. If you have combination skin, then choose an oil-free sunscreen.

4. Maintain Two Separate Skin Care Routines

Outputs that work for dry skin may be harsh on oily skin. Follow a separate skincare regime for your T-zone. Don’t use the same outputs for your T-zone and the rest of your face.

5. Buy Oil-Free Products

Whether it’s sunscreen or makeup, buy oil-free outputs to avoid clogged pores.

Tips for Sensitive Skin

1. Conduct A Patch Test

This is imperative if you want to avoid your skin from reacting. Don’t use an output without testing it on your hand. Wait for 24 hours after the patch test. If your skin doesn’t react to it, go on and apply it to your face.

2. Don’t Overdo Your Skincare Routine

Buy a mild cleanser, moisturizer, and sunscreen. Don’t apply too many outputs to your face.

3. Don’t Blindly Believe The “Hypoallergenic” Label

Outputs claiming to be “hypoallergenic” may not necessarily suit you. Conduct a patch test before applying these outputs as well.

So, which of the 5 different skin types do you have? You can share your thoughts in the comment box below…

If you have oily skin from the 5 different skin types, you can also review our other article which is called “How to Make a Natural DIY Moisturizer for Oily Skin?“.

Zeynab Hasanova

Zeynab Hasanova is a writer and freelance author in the BeautyFan. You can see her work at our website-
Back to top button